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Charles Masson and the Buddhist Sites of Afghanistan: Explorations, Excavations, Collections 1832-1835
Published by British Museum Press
The first comprehensive study of the Buddhist sites excavated by Charles Masson (1800-1853) in Afghanistan and the objects recovered from them, including reliquaries, beads and coins. The book provides an archaeological context for these objects now in the British Museum, and makes Masson's archive available to a wider audience.
From 1833-8, Charles Masson (1800-1853) was employed by the British East India Company to explore the ancient sites in south-east Afghanistan. During this period, he surveyed over a hundred sites around Kabul, Jalalabad and Wardak, making numerous drawings of the sites, together with maps, compass readings, sections of the stupas and sketches of some of the finds. Small illustrations of a selection of these key sites were published in Ariana Antiqua in 1841. However, this represents only a tiny proportion of his official and private correspondence held in the India Office Collection of the British Library which is studied in detail for the first time in this publication. It is supplemented online by The Charles Masson Archive: British Library and British Museum Documents relating to the Masson Collection (British Museum Research Publication number 216). Together they provide the means for a comprehensive reconstitution of the archaeological record of the sites. In return for funding his exploration of the ancient sites of Afghanistan, the British East India Company received all of Masson's finds. These were sent to the India Museum in London, and when it closed in 1878 the British Museum was the principal recipient of all the `archaeological' artefacts and a proportion of the coins. This volume therefore studies the British Museum's collection of these fascinating objects, including reliquaries, beads and coins, and places them within a wider historical and archaeological context.
Elizabeth Errington first began working on the archaeological records of Charles Masson during research for her doctoral thesis on the 19th-century discovery of the Buddhist sites of Gandhara. She was a curator of South and Central Asian coins in the British Museum (1993-2011) and from 1993 onwards has served as the co-ordinator and principal researcher for the British Museum's Masson Project.
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