Suitable for undergraduate students of political science, this title carries a context-driven conceptualisation of the major strands of political thought that emerged in India in the past two centuries. It focuses on India's peculiar socio-political processes under colonialism that influenced the evolution of such thoughts.
This book is essential reading for undergraduate students of political science. The salient features of the book are: In contrast to the existing literature on the subject, it carries a context-driven conceptualisation of the major strands of political thought that emerged in India in the past two centuries. It focuses on India's peculiar socio-political processes under colonialism that influenced the evolution of such thoughts. It incorporates new ideas and issues that have been articulated, but not as extensively, in contemporary works on Indian nationalist thought and movement. It discusses the development and articulation of political thought by leaders like Gandhi, Tagore, Ambedkar, JP, Nehru and Lohia. It covers the Indian freedom struggle in detail. The distinguishing feature of this book is its linking of the text of Indian political thought with the context. In doing so, it challenges the ethno-centric interpretation of nationalism that despite its roots in western Enlightenment, evolved differently because of the context in which it was articulated.
Introduction PART ONE: REVISITING THE TEXTS Early Nationalist Responses: Ram Mohan Roy, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Dayananda Saraswati and Jyotirao Phule Contour of the Early Nationalist Responses Socio-Political Thought of Ram Mohan Roy Bankim as a Nationalist Thinker Socio-Political Ideas of Dayananda Saraswati Jyotirao Phule: Unique Socio-Political Ideas Assessment of the Early Nationalist Responses Moderates and Extremists: Dadabhai Naoroji, M G Ranade and B G Tilak Defining Moderates and Extremists The 1907 Surat Split Concluding Observations Mahatma Gandhi The Basic Precepts Conceptualising Swaraj Concluding Observations Rabindranath Tagore A Life in Creative Unity Main Strands of Political Thought of Tagore True Freedom Nationalism Critique of Gandhi Concluding Observations B R Ambedkar A Life for the Cause of Untouchables Castes and Untouchability in Hindu society Annihilation of Caste Gandhi-Ambedkar Debate Political Thoughts of Ambedkar Rights of the People Constitutional Democracy Social Justice Concluding Observations Chapter 6: Jayaprakash Narayan A Life of Ideological Turbulence Transition from Marxism to Sarvodaya Plan for Reconstruction of Indian Polity Sarvodaya Methods of Realizing the Sarvodaya Order Total Revolution Concluding Observations Jawaharlal Nehru Background The Pragmatic Thinker Structure of Governance: Nehruvian inputs Planning for Development The Dilemma of a Democrat Internationalist Jawaharlal Nehru Concluding Observations Muhammad Iqbal A Life in Complete Turnaround Political Ideas of Iqbal Views on Nationalism Pan-Islamism Ideas on Pakistan Concluding Observations M N Roy From Marxism to Radical Humanism Critique of Gandhian Thought and Action Radical Humanism Concluding Observations Ram Manohar Lohia A Life in Indigenous Evolution Main Currents of Lohia's Political and Social Thought Political Thought of Lohia Critique of Western Ideologies New Socialism Model of Political system for India Social Thoughts of Lohia Lohia as an Internationalist Concluding Observations Subhas Chandra Bose His Early Background Bose's Political ideology Bose and Hindu Orthodoxy Concluding Observations V D Savarkar A Life for the Hindu Cause Savarkar's Nationalist Interpretation of Indian History Social Thoughts of Savarkar Savarkar's Views on Hindutva Concluding Observations Pandita Ramabai A Life in Pilgrimage for the Cause of Women Aspects of Feminist Thoughts of Ramabai Institutional Pursuits for Women's Emancipation Concluding Observations PART TWO: CONTEXT AND CONTEXTUAL INFLUENCES RE-EXAMINED Nature and Processes of Indian Freedom Struggle The Revolt of 1857 The Non-cooperation Movement (1919-22), Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-32) and Quit India Movement (1942) The Indian National Army and the Axis Powers, 1941-45 Indian Naval Uprising Landmarks in Constitutional Development During British Rule: A Historical Perspective Acts and Reforms: Morley-Minto and Montague-Chelmsford Reforms The Simon Commission The Government of India Act 1935 The Cripps Mission Concluding Observations Socio-economic Dimensions of the Nationalist Movement The Communal Question and Partition Backward Castes Movements Dalit Movements Tribal Movements Women's Movements Civil Rights Movements Trade Union Movements Peasant Movements Linguistic Movements Culmination of the British Rule and the Making of India's Constitution The 3 June Plan and India Independence Act, 1947 The Constituent Assembly and the Making of the Constitution Salient Features of the Constitution Concluding Observations