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Road to Federalism in Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka, The: Finding the Middle Ground
Published by Routledge
Nations built on exclusion and assimilation, decades of civil war, widespread poverty, authoritarianism and the decline of democracy. Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka are travelling a road to federalism. Institutions and ethnic identity have interacted to privilege some and marginalise others. But when the right conditions prevail, political equality can be restored. This book charts the origins and evolution of federalism and other approaches to the accommodation of minority ethnic groups in Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. It applies a historical institutionalism methodology to understand why federalism has been resisted, what causes it to be established and what design options are most likely to balance otherwise competing centripetal and centrifugal forces. Breen shows how Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka are finding a middle ground whereby deliberative and moderating institutions are combined with accommodating ones to support a political equality among groups and individuals.
List of figures and tablesAcknowledgementsAbbreviations and acronyms 1. Introduction 2. Methodology and conceptual framework 3. Federalism, accommodation and Asia 4. State formation 5. The road to federalism 6. The constitutional settlement 7. Accommodation and moderation - federal design issues 8. Conclusion Appendix 1: Definition and operationalisation of variables, conditions and mechanisms Appendix 2: Key deliberative institutions in Nepal's constitution- making process Index
Michael G Breen completed his PhD at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore and is now based at Deakin University, Australia. His background is as a policy advisor in Australia and Nepal, with expertise in federalism, the rights of indigenous peoples and political inclusion.
Reviewer: Paul Doolan
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